8 Types Of Allergies That Can be Very Fatal
Allergies are very common around the world, but that does not mean many people understand what they are or what causes them.
There are numerous triggers that can result in any reaction ranging from foods to even sunlight, animal fur and dust. In America, these are more common than many people realize and some of them are fatal.
Statistics show that about 30 percent of Americans have allergies, while 40 percent of children have allergies as well. The adult population of Americans who suffer from allergies is estimated to be 50 million, and allergies surprisingly rank 6th in chronic diseases in America alone.
What Are Allergies?
You might be really confused about what allergies mean, especially when you do not know what causes them the only thing you might know is that everyone seems to have them at some point in their lives.
However, they are more common than you realize and are actually on the rise, as certain studies show.
By definition, allergies are a variety of conditions that are due to the body being hypersensitive to usually harmless substances from the environment. They manifest in the form of symptoms such as sneezing, rashes, fever, shortness of breath, and so on.
Types of Deadly Allergies
This will actually depend on what you define as ‘deadly’, as the information regarding the deadliest allergies is very challenging to obtain. The standard is usually what is termed as ICD codes, which standardizes the diagnoses of different allergies and the causes of death when they occur.
It is also important to note that food-related allergies are the least common cause of death, although they can still occur. Here is a rundown on the deadliest types of allergies, according to data from some cases:
1. Anaphylaxis, fish, shellfish
Among the most common causes of the condition, anaphylaxis, is the reaction of the body to certain foods especially seafoods such as crabs, lobsters, and shrimps.
The condition is actually deadly, as some people have died from any of its symptoms such as low blood pressure, swelling of the throat, lightheadedness, circulation and heart problems, and shortness of breath.
In fact, allergies to fish and shellfish can be among the most serious types, and some people can even be affected by the smell when the fish are cooking.
This may sound strange, but peanuts are among the foods that cause many deaths related to food allergies. If you notice signs such as dizziness, issues with breathing, swellings, rapid pulse, or hives, call for medical assistance immediately.
3. Eggs, wheat and dairy
These three are termed as ‘hidden allergies’ because their presence is not as obvious as the previous two, at least not all the time. They mostly affect children, although some will grow out of it as they grow older but you still need to monitor the body closely after the child eats foods containing these ingredients.
Since they tend to be hidden within other foods such as wheat in bread you need to read the ingredient list carefully when shopping. A good product will always state whether or not it contains the most common allergenic ingredients, which are wheat, milk, soy, eggs, tree nuts, fish, peanuts, and shellfish. In addition, it should state whether there are ingredients that are derivatives of these allergens, such as whey (from milk), or lecithin (from soy).
4. Insect stings and bites
Many people have been adversely affected by insect bites and stings, so it is important to monitor them carefully as soon as they happen. These insects include bees, hornets, wasps, and yellow jackets. As soon as a bite happens, make sure to see an allergist and get allergy injections – which will help to minimize the chances of anaphylaxis from the stings.
There are also cases of fatalities from bites of crawling insects such as ticks and ants, such as fire ants that inject their venom repeatedly into the skin.
5. Prescription medication
It is important to be careful regarding medication, and closely monitor how the body reacts because it can be negative. For instance, imaging dyes, chemotherapy drugs, as well as muscle relaxants for anaesthesia. In case the body reacts negatively, your doctor can give you alternatives in medication or give allergy injections.
This also applies to over the counter medication, such as ibuprofen and aspirin, so you need to always keep that in mind, take them exactly as prescribed and monitor your body afterwards.
Believe it or not, some people die after an exercise session, although these cases are rare. Any activity such as swimming, walking, running or dancing can trigger an attack, and it can even be triggered by the combination of exercise with certain drugs or foods.
Like the exercise-related allergic reaction, this one is rare particularly considering that not many people handle latex products anyway. However, the highest risk for this allergic reaction seems to be health workers such as surgeons and nurses, as well as individuals who go through regular surgeries.
The triggers can be quite many in cases like this. They can include syringes, IV tubes, gloves, and any other item that has natural latex rubber as part of its composition. It can also be triggered by non-medial items such as elastic, balloons, as well as condoms. If you have an allergy to latex, make sure to search for non-latex alternatives.
8. Tree nuts, sesame seeds, soy
Sesame seeds seem non-threatening because they are small, but they can cause anaphylactic reactions and the same case also goes for legumes. They are all closely related to the peanut, which is a legume as well (not a nut as the name suggests).
There are also cases of allergic reactions from actual nut such as walnuts and cashews, and these can lead to issues, especially in adults.
Allergic reactions are varied and many and it is impossible to list them all. Regardless of their type though, it is important to monitor them as closely as possible, since they can pose an actual threat to health and life in some cases – as these allergic causes will tell you.